Before and After Facial Surgery
Facial surgery can be performed for a variety of reasons. It can be performed for medical reasons such as correcting cleft lip, cleft palate or in case of fracture of facial bones. It can be performed for cosmetic reasons such as facelift, chin lift, rhinoplasty or a nose job and eyelid surgery. The operating surgeon educates the person undergoing the surgery, on a variety of aspects. As in case of any surgical procedure, facial surgery is also associated with risks and complications. The patient is educated on all aspects of the surgery.
The operating surgeon performs a thorough medical examination of his patient before the facial surgery. He has to undergo blood tests and urine tests. His blood pressure and blood sugar levels are examined. If the person is found to be a hypertensive patient then the doctor will bring down his blood pressure within the normal range and monitor his blood pressure before and during the surgery. If the person is found to be diabetic then his blood sugar levels are monitored and brought down to normal before the facial surgery. The elevated blood glucose levels increase the risk of infections in diabetics especially after a surgical procedure is performed. The wound healing is often delayed in these people.
The operating surgeon advises the person undergoing surgery to quit smoking at least two weeks before the surgery. Smoking increases the risk of contracting infections after the surgical procedure. Smoking is also associated with delayed wound healing. People who smoke are at a higher risk of developing blood clots than non smokers.
The doctor will also advise the person to quit drinking as the risk of infection increases in alcoholics as compared to teetotalers. Stress can also lead to delayed healing of the surgical wounds. Hence the person undergoing facial surgery is also advised to maintain a calm state of mind. He is also advised by the doctor to avoid taking aspirin or any aspirin products for at least two weeks prior to the surgical procedure.
Before discharging the person from the care of the hospital, the doctor will give specific instructions about how to care for his wounds and how to keep them clean. Any surgical procedure during which an incision is made on the skin, regardless of the fact whether the incision is small or large, or for that matter any cut or even a bruise on the skin increases the risk of infection. Hence it is extremely important to maintain a proper hygiene and keep the wounds clean.
The person who has undergone the surgery will also be educated on the possible complications that may occur after the plastic surgery. He will be educated on identifying the signs of infection which include a yellowish or greenish purulent discharge and high fever. The person is advised to call the doctor immediately, if he shows any signs of infection after the surgery. He is also advised not to drink alcohol for at least 72 hours after the operation.